The global market for prototype circuit boards is huge. In 2012, it had gotten almost to $60 billion. This represented nearly 1.7% growth from 2011 as reported in 2012’s IPC’s World PCB Production Report. Printed circuit board construction comes in three main types: single-sided, double-sided, and multi-layered. There are two other kinds of circuit assemblies. These are related to the printed circuit board. They are the integrated circuit (IC or microchip) and the hybrid circuit.
Tips for Circuit Board Prototyping:
Make your corners rounded. This is also called radiusing the corners but that is just a way of saying “round the corners.” It is easier to make prototype printed circuit boards fit the space where they are going to have to live once they are done. Now, unlike boards where you need chemical to etch them, you are cutting these. That means you have some more flexibility in how to make the corners fit the took you are using. There are several benefits to having rounded corners. Your board will look more graceful. You will reduce the milling time.
Adjust your pads individually. You need to make sure there is enough space between the SMD pads and components for your tool. You can go in and adjust the pads directly. Keep in mind that there will always been to be adequate contact between the parts and the pads for the entire system to function. If you are more of a novice in this area, there are some resources you can consult. Most circuit board prototyping software has documentation that can help you in this area. Check it out.
Check out Otherplan’s BitBreaker mode. Want to adjust the feeds, speeds and trade clearance? There is an app for that. Otherplan’s Bit Breaker mode lets you do all of that and a whole lot of other cool things for your circuit board prototyping. You should not start using the software in this mode until you have mastered using it in the default mode. Using the BitBreaker mode is also problematic if you are not all that familiar with working with feeds and speeds.
Give everything the space it needs. Like with most things that are this size, it is hard to resist the desire to cram as much in as possible. The problem is you need to leave some room for the wires. Make sure you leave at least a little room (leave more than you think you will need) between the different components for your wires. As you add pins to the components, you will need to leave more space. This will make things a lot easier later.
Orient your components in the same direction. Most of the time, the standard pin numbering for components goes from the first pin in the upper-left corner and then the others are oriented from that. If you keep to the standard plan, you will have an easier time later when inspecting components or soldering everything.
Check your sizes by printing the layout. After you have laid everything out. go ahead and print it out to scale. You can then take that printout and place all of the components on top of it to make sure you have gotten your sizes all done correctly. Make sure everything matches the way you wanted it to.
Learn the manufacturer’s specifications. Every manufacturer is a little different in how they do things. They often have their own trace width, number of layers, spacing and the list goes on. Before you begin any circuit board prototyping, you should make sure you are working with the right specifications. Ideally, you will have researched and found a manufacturer whose specifications are in line with your requirements. Do not forget to consider what kind of material your design will need. The circuit board’s durability, moisture absorption, strength and flame resistance are all impacted by the type of material used so keep that in mind as you work on your design.